What causes sinkhole? How to detect sinkholes? How to prevent sinkholes? Sinkhole warning signs
What causes sinkholes? It’s a question that’s been on many minds lately, following the news that a sinkhole had opened suddenly beneath a home not far from Tampa, Fla. last Thursday and swallowed up a man who lived there.
As the name suggests, sinkholes are naturally occurring holes in the surface of the earth. Sinkholes can form gradually or – as in the tragic case in Florida – suddenly. They form in areas where water flowing underground has dissolved rock – typically limestone – below the surface, leading to the formation of underground voids into which the surface sediment falls, according to the website of the Florida Sinkhole Research Institute (so fracking is producing sinkholes). They vary in size from 1 to 600 meters.
Sinkholes are found all over the world. In the U.S., sinkholes are especially common in Texas, Alabama, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Pennsylvania, and Florida, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Look at the most impressive sinkholes around the world here.
Experts say that thousands of sinkholes form in Florida each year. There’s hardly a place in Florida that’s immune to sinkholes. In addition to sitting on highly porous limestone, the state has additional factors that can lead to the formation of sinkholes, including extreme weather and aquifer pumping.
In an effort to prevent injuries, deaths, and property losses caused by sinkholes, scientists have tested various methods of detecting the underground cavities that can lead to sinkholes. These include radar, seismography, and electrical resistivity testing.
You don’t have to be a scientist to be able to recognize certain signs that a sinkhole is about to open up. A brochure issued by the Southwest Florida Water Management District lists several sinkhole warning signs, including slumping trees or fence posts; the formation of small ponds in areas where water has not collected before; wilting of small, circular areas of vegetation; and structural cracks in walls. – sinkhole warning signs
But despite efforts to spot sinkholes before they occur, there are still plenty of unpleasant – and occasionally tragic – surprises. There’s no accurate way of ever predicting where a sinkhole is going to occur.