Archaeologists have uncovered portions of the ancient Greek city of Tenea, whose residents claimed they were prisoners of the Trojan War. The uncovered parts of the city date back between 300 B.C. and A.D. 400.

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Archaeologists have uncovered portions of the ancient Greek city of Tenea, whose residents claimed they were prisoners of the Trojan War. Photo from Greek Ministry of Culture

Buildings from the town and part of a cemetery containing the burials of two men, five women (one of whom was buried with a child) and two children were uncovered. The burials contain a variety of grave goods, including jewelry made of bone, bronze and gold, as well as vases and coins. An iron ring bearing an image of the god Serapis, a deity revered in both Greece and Egypt, was also discovered in the cemetery.

Scholars have known the general location of Tenea since at least the 19th century — it is located near the modern-day village of Chiliomodi — but they have done little scientific excavation at the site.

The ancient Greek historian Pausanias (who lived from A.D. 143 to 176) wrote that residents of Tenea believed that they were the descendants of Trojans who were taken prisoner during the Trojan War. That conflict (if it did occur) happened more than 3,000 years ago. Pausanias claimed that the people of the city honored “Apollo more than any other god” (translation by W.H.S. Jones and H.A. Ormerod). The recent excavations uncovered no remains dating back 3,000 years.

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Remains from part of a cemetery unearthed at Tenea held a burial, a ceramic vessel with engraving of a woman, the remains of a gold ring, a gold coin with a bird engraved on it and several pieces of pottery. Photo from Greek Ministry of Culture

Roman prosperity and fall

Archaeologists tried to date, as accurately as they could, all the structures and artifacts they found at the site. The researchers used these dates to try to get a sense of how the city had changed over time.

Rome occupied much of Greece in 146 B.C., and Tenea was part of the Roman Empire for hundreds of years. Analysis of the archaeological remains suggests that Tenea experienced economic growth during the reign of the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (reign A.D. 193-211), who came to power after winning a civil war.

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Remains of more residential areas were unearthed at Tenea, along with several artifacts that were found within or near the structures, including gaming pieces and the remains of an engraving. Photo from Greek Ministry of Culture

Tenea’s prosperity, however, did not last. During the late fourth century, the number of artifacts seems to decline, and Tenea appears to have suffered after Alaricus, a Gothicking, raided the Peloponnese (the area of Greece in which Tenea is located) between A.D. 396 and 397, the archaeologists said in the statement. The researchers added that the city staggered on after this, and it may have been abandoned during the sixth century A.D.

Did the Trojan War really take place? And is this new city Tenea, the legendary home of ‘Trojan War’ prisoners?

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LiveScience – Newly Uncovered Greek City May Be Legendary Home of ‘Trojan War’ Prisoners

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