In the desert steppes of eastern Mongolia, a group of archaeologists discovered a mysterious monument consisting of a stone sarcophagus surrounded by 14 stone pillars covered with Turkic runic inscriptions, dating back to the 8th century, so about 1300 years. After deciphering the ancient writings, its seems that the person who was buried was the highest official in Eastern Mongolia during the reign of Tengri-Kagan, the emperor of the East Turkic Khaganate between 716 to 741 years. The deceased first wore the title of Yabgu (governor), before being named commander-in-chief of the East Told-Shad.
Along with the description of specific events in the life of this man, immortalized in inscriptions on columns, the discovery of this monument is interesting and confirms that the steppe of Dongoin Shiree was the center of the East Turkic Khaganate, whose location was previously unknown.
The complex excavation lasted 2 years during which particles of calcined coal, sheepskins and horse bones have been found. Radiocarbon analysis showed that the mysterious compex was built in the 8th century, at the end of the second dynasty of the ancient Türkic rulers of Qashqai.
Although the he burial site was destroyed and looted in Antiquity, the sarcophagus allowed to get previously unknown information about the history and the relationship that the Turks of the Kashkay dynasty had with inhabitants of the Mongolian steppe – Khitan, Tatabs and Tatars.
In addition, the location of stone pillars on the plateau will also provide important information for discussing religious ideas and the world view of the ancient nomads. Similar inscriptions have previously only been found in western Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia.