Uranium and other radioactive materials, such as caesium and technetium, have been found in tiny nanoparticles released from the damaged Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactors. This could mean the environmental impact from the fallout may last much longer than previously expected. And the size of the particles also means humans could inhale them.

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Radioactive nanoparticules released by the Fukushima Daiichi disaster in Japan. via Environmental Sciance and Technology

The scientists have been looking at extremely small pieces of debris, known as micro-particles, which were released into the environment during the initial disaster in 2011 and discovered uranium from nuclear fuel embedded in or associated with caesium-rich micro particles that were emitted from the plant’s reactors during the meltdowns. The particles found measure just five micrometres or less; approximately 20 times smaller than the width of a human hair. The size of the particles means humans could inhale them.

The reactor debris fragments were found inside the nuclear exclusion zone, in paddy soils and at an abandoned aquaculture centre, located several kilometres from the nuclear plant.

It was previously thought that only volatile, gaseous radionuclides such as caesium and iodine were released from the damaged reactors. Now it is becoming clear that small, solid particles were also emitted, and that some of these particles contain very long-lived radionuclides, like uranium with a half-life of billions of years.

Dr Gareth Law, Senior Lecturer in Analytical Radiochemistry at the University of Manchester and an author on the paper, says: “Our research strongly suggests there is a need for further detailed investigation on Fukushima fuel debris, inside, and potentially outside the nuclear exclusion zone. Whilst it is extremely difficult to get samples from such an inhospitable environment, further work will enhance our understanding of the long-term behaviour of the fuel debris nano-particles and their impact.

The Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) is currently responsible for the clean-up and decommissioning process at the Fukushima Daiichi site and in the surrounding exclusion zone.

He added: “Having better knowledge of the released microparticles is also vitally important as it provides much needed data on the status of the melted nuclear fuels in the damaged reactors. This will provide extremely useful information for TEPCO’s decommissioning strategy.

At present, chemical data on the fuel debris located within the damaged nuclear reactors is impossible to get due to the high levels of radiation. The microparticles found by the international team of researchers will provide vital clues on the decommissioning challenges that lie ahead.

The consequences of the Fukushima disaster are infinite and I hope we will once be able to solve or at least diminish them!

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Environment Science Technology, Wattsupwiththat


  1. Bad News ….
    All we … We are dead …

    All the pacific ocean …. polluted.
    All the Japanese follow their lives as if nothing happened to them.
    Some Japanese they are beginning to feel the effects of radiation in the air and what they eat.
    Some of them begin to have problems with their health.
    Some of them are beginning to give symptoms little by little.
    Some of them bleed from the nose, their skin turns red.
    Some start to fall their hair. Some of them are losing weight a lot.

    Anyway ….

    Someone has done this … and those bastards
    I wish you all the worst that exists in this life.
    They have failed the experiment, and instead of trying kill the Japanese …
    They will kill all the living beings that live on planet earth.


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