Luckily, not every solar phenomenon is fuming out there in the cold void of space, waiting to existentially terrify you into a fear-coma. Sundogs, for example, occur right here on Earth, when light from the sun is refracted by ice crystals in the atmosphere. The only end results are pretty things like solar halos and glowing orbs moving gently across the sky. The following bright sky phenomenon was captured at sunset by Natalya Solovyeva in the sky above Polyarnye Zori in Murmansk Oblast, Russia on November 18, 2017.
Sundogs are brightest in winter because ice crystals are more common. Aristotle notes that “two mock suns (sundogs) rose with the sun and followed it all through the day until sunset.” He adds that “mock suns and rods are always to the side, never above or below, most commonly at sunrise or sunset, more rarely in the middle of the day.” These sundogs are just another powerful sky phenomenon.